Bipolar Manic Depression is a serious psychiatric disorder where the patient experiences episodes of depression and hypo/mania. The frequency of the episodes along with their severity and duration may vary from individual to individual. The person suffering from Bipolar Manic depression should be administered the required medical treatment. If left untreated, the condition may prove to be life threatening for the sufferer as a high percentage of people who suffer from Bipolar Manic Depression attempt suicide and several of them are successful in their attempts to end their lives.
The shift of the individual from one extreme state of mind to another is known as ëcyclingí. These shifts or cycles of moods greatly affect the life of the sufferer and of the people who are associated with him. During the phase of mania, the patient demonstrates impulsive behavior such as wild driving, reckless shopping spree or acts of undue aggression. On the other hand, the phase of depression is often characterized by the individual wishing to be left alone, isolated from his family members and friends and not even showing an interest in his normal routine.
People who suffer from Bipolar Manic Depression are often unable to lead a normal personal or professional life. The divorce rate of couples where one of them is suffering from Bipolar Manic Depression is two to three times more than that among normal people. The main causes of Bipolar Manic Depression are biological – i.e. the presence of the incidence of mental sickness in the family. However, in certain individuals, the symptoms may only be triggered by the occurrence of an unpleasant life event such as the loss of a dear one, loss of job, divorce or some other similar event. The psychological factors also play a major role in the recurrence of the symptoms and their exacerbation.
Twelve percent of people suffering from Manic Depression are likely to commit suicide. It is therefore essential that apart from receiving adequate medical treatment, the people suffering from Bipolar Manic Depression should be constantly supported by family members and friends who extend their emotional support and encouragement to the sufferer at all times. A number of people who suffer from Bipolar Manic Depression are likely to demonstrate stable behavior with the requisite medical treatment. Care should be taken, however, by the family members to be cautious about the tell tale signs of a recurrence of the symptoms and to protect the patient from anything that might trigger off the symptoms again.
People who suffer from Bipolar Manic Depression are often unable to lead a normal personal or professional life.
Teen bipolar disorder is still very much in the stages of being learned about. At one time professionals were certain that bipolar disorder did not appear until the mid-twenties. But recent studies are starting to show that puberty may be a trigger point for teen bipolar disorder. And that is one of the factors that make it harder to recognize as parents question themselves and wonder if their teenager has just hit that difficult age or if something worse is going on.
Parents of teenagers know that their children go through that moody and petulant stage, but when the symptoms become excessive its time to look at little closer to determine if what they are dealing with is a typical teenager or teen bipolar disorder. Teen bipolar disorder is very disruptive. It affects eating and sleeping patterns. When teenagers suffer with bipolar disorder it is different than when adults do. The symptoms of teen bipolar disorder last longer and move quickly for one extreme to the other. They can change quickly from the high of manic behaviors to the lows of depression, from hyperactivity to lethargy. Based on the recent studies itís feared that the younger the person when the symptoms begin the worse the condition can expect to be. If these symptoms become extreme, continual and impairing an appropriate next move would be a visit to our health care provider.
The teen bipolar disorder sufferer can be treated once a diagnosis has been made. To begin with there are medical therapies to control the extremes. This means using mood stabilizers. These should lessen the frequency and intensity of any episodes. Sometimes anticonvulsant drugs are given and often so are medications that will increase the levels of thyroid hormones that are often low in teens with bipolar disorder. As well group therapy is recommended for the teenager and for the family members. It often helps both groups to have others like themselves to talk to and help them to understand what living with bipolar disorder means.
To understand the meaning of the term ìanxiety attack,î it is essential to understand the difference between ìanxietyî and an ìanxiety attack.î Anxiety is a normal emotional state of mind that is caused as a reaction to a stressful situation or a distressing physical condition. This normal condition takes the form of an aberration when the individual continues to experience stress even when the stressful situation or condition is long past or if the individual experiences severe anxiety or stress in the absence of any obvious stress causing conditions. It is often difficult to distinguish between a heart attack and an anxiety attack, as the symptoms for both are almost similar.
An anxiety attack is usually characterized by several or all of the following symptoms; acute escalating tension, pain in the chest, nausea, lightheadedness, dizziness, sweating and loss of one’s perception of one’s ‘self’. The individual is said to be experiencing an anxiety attack when he/she begins to experience several of these symptoms that become severe as the time passes and usually reach a peak within ten minutes.
Anxiety attacks can be divided into several distinct categories, each with its own characteristics and a few symptoms that are common to all categories. The National Institute of Mental Health divides Anxiety disorder into six main categories; panic disorder, a sudden anxiety attack that may be caused due to no apparent reason; generalized anxiety disorder that affects the individual on a daily basis i.e. he/she suffers from chronic tension; obsessive-compulsive disorder, a condition in which the individual suffers from an urgent need to engage in certain rituals and activities without any need for the individual to engage in them; social phobia, a condition in which the individual feels overly anxious in everyday social situations; specific phobias, the attacks that are caused by a fear, usually irrational, of something and Post-traumatic stress disorder, a condition that follows a traumatic event where the individual has persistent thoughts of the event and feels emotionally traumatized.
Medical researchers have discovered a number of reasons that are considered the possible causes for attacks. Genetics, drug abuse, environment and personality characteristics are considered the main culprits that induce attacks. However, there may be many more triggers of anxiety attacks that have yet to be discovered by the medical researchers.
An anxiety attack is usually characterized by several or all of the following symptoms; acute escalating tension, pain in the chest, nausea, lightheadedness, dizziness, sweating and loss of one’s perception of one’s ‘self’.
Almost all cases of anxiety disorders, such as phobias, post traumatic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and others can be treated through behavioral therapy and through medication. The common mental therapy treatment options for people suffering from anxiety disorders are cognitive behavioral therapy, stress relieving or relaxation therapy, exercise and group therapy. Even though the methods of anxiety treatment may be different, all the above-mentioned treatments rely on one underlying principle: i.e. to induce strength and resilience in the individual to be able to face any unpleasant life situation and to face the sources of stress, imaginary or real, with fortitude
One of the most popular anxiety treatment options for anxiety disorder, cognitive behavioral therapy, is based on the principle that our emotions influence our behavior. So, for an individual to function effectively, it is essential that he should think positively and harbor constructive thoughts. The therapist helps the individual to recognize the thoughts and the beliefs that are unpleasant to the individual and strengthens him by devising a strategy to face the situations and thoughts that are unpleasant and fear provoking for him. The cognitive behavioral therapy includes lessons on slow breathing, relaxation techniques and education about anxiety, as well.
Relaxation therapy, another popular means of anxiety treatment, educates the individual about various relaxation techniques that help him to release the muscular and the psychological tension that he experiences every time he faces an undesirable situation. The relaxation techniques could include exercises on slow breathing, isometric relaxation, meditation, visualization and self-hypnosis. The individual should practice these relaxation techniques on a regular basis and especially when he feels that he may experience an anxiety attack soon, due to the increase in the anxiety level triggered by some unpleasant source.